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Marine and Fisheries Sciences: Research Issues

A guide to resources in Marine and Fisheries Sciences, to aid teaching, learning and research

Why Cite or Reference?

  • To avoid plagiarism
  • —To acknowledge debts to other writers
  • —To verify quotations
  • —To enable all those who read your work to locate your sources easily
  • To enable readers to follow-up and read more fully the cited author’s arguments
  • To demonstrate the body of knowledge upon which your research is based 

It is Plagiarism if you.....

  • —Copy sentences from a web page, a blog, a book, or an article and insert them into your paper without citing them.
  • —Copy large chunks of text from one or more original sources and insert it into work.
  • —Use an image or video from any source and do not cite it properly.
  • Quote or paraphrase from another paper without crediting the original author.
  • —Cite data without crediting the original source.
  • —Propose another author’s idea as if it were your own.
  • —Fabricating references or using incorrect references.
  • Submitting someone else’s presentation, program, spreadsheet, or other file with only minor alterations.

Test your knowledge: take Indaiana University's plagiarism quiz


Basic information needed for citing

—Book                                                    Journal   Article                                                                                                                                               
  • —Author(s)                                         Author(s)                                                                          
  • Title                                                  Article Title
  • Year of Publication                       Article Page Numbers
  • Publisher                                       Journal Title               
  • Place of Publication                    Journal Volume Number
  • Edition (if not the first)                 Journal Issue Number
  •                                                          Year of Publication

Some useful links


What is Plagiarism

Plagiarism-Don't do it


Research and Documentation Online

Literature Review

Useful Titles

These titles and more on different aspects of research are available in the University of Ghana Library System. Look them up in the UGCat for precise location and call no.

Subject Guide

Theodosia Adanu's picture
Theodosia Adanu
Institute of African Studies Library (old building)
IP Phone: 2501

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