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Marine and Fisheries Sciences   Tags: endnote web, marine science, ocean science, oceonography, research  

A guide to resources in Marine and Fisheries Sciences, to aid teaching, learning and research
Last Updated: Nov 12, 2014 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Research Issues Print Page

Why Cite or Reference?

  • To avoid plagiarism
  • —To acknowledge debts to other writers
  • —To verify quotations
  • —To enable all those who read your work to locate your sources easily
  • To enable readers to follow-up and read more fully the cited author’s arguments
  • To demonstrate the body of knowledge upon which your research is based 

It is Plagiarism if you.....

  • —Copy sentences from a web page, a blog, a book, or an article and insert them into your paper without citing them.
  • —Copy large chunks of text from one or more original sources and insert it into work.
  • —Use an image or video from any source and do not cite it properly.
  • Quote or paraphrase from another paper without crediting the original author.
  • —Cite data without crediting the original source.
  • —Propose another author’s idea as if it were your own.
  • —Fabricating references or using incorrect references.
  • Submitting someone else’s presentation, program, spreadsheet, or other file with only minor alterations.

Test your knowledge: take Indaiana University's plagiarism quiz



Basic information needed for citing

—Book                                                    Journal   Article                                                                                                                                               
  • —Author(s)                                         Author(s)                                                                          
  • Title                                                  Article Title
  • Year of Publication                       Article Page Numbers
  • Publisher                                       Journal Title               
  • Place of Publication                    Journal Volume Number
  • Edition (if not the first)                 Journal Issue Number
  •                                                          Year of Publication

Some useful links


What is Plagiarism

Plagiarism-Don't do it


Research and Documentation Online

Literature Review


    Useful Titles

    These titles and more on different aspects of research are available in the University of Ghana Library System. Look them up in the UGCat for precise location and call no.

    Cover Art
    Understanding Research Methods - Mildred L. Patten
    ISBN: 9781936523009
    Publication Date: 2012-01-01

    Cover Art
    The Literature Review - Diana Ridley
    ISBN: 1446201430
    Publication Date: 2012-07-31
    This Second Edition of Diana Ridley's bestselling guide to the literature review outlines practical strategies for reading and note taking, and guides the reader on how to conduct a systematic search of the available literature, and uses cases and examples throughout to demonstrate best practice in writing and presenting the review. New to this edition are examples drawn from a wide range of disciplines, a new chapter on conducting a systematic review, increased coverage of issues of evaluating quality and conducting reviews using online sources and online literature and enhanced guidance in dealing with copyright and permissions issues.  

    Cover Art
    The Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagarism - Colin Neville
    ISBN: 9780335220908
    Publication Date: 2007-07-01
    Why is there so much emphasis on citing sources in some written work? How can I be sure I am referencing sources correctly? What is plagiarism and how do I avoid it? There is a great deal of emphasis on accurate referencing in written work for university students, and those writing for professional purposes, but little information on the 'when', the 'why', as well as the 'how' of referencing. This book fills that gap, giving clear guidelines on how to correctly cite from external sources, what constitutes plagiarism and how it can be avoided. A unique feature of the book is the comparisons it makes between different referencing styles - such as Harvard, APA, MLA and Numerical referencing styles - which are shown side-by-side. This provides a useful guide for students as they progress through higher education, and particularly for those on combined studies courses - who may be expected to use two, and sometimes three, different referencing styles. Other special features in the book include: Essays demonstrating referencing in action, Exercises on when to reference, and on what is, and what is not, plagiarism, A 'Frequently Asked Questions' section on the referencing issues most often puzzle people, A detailed guide to referencing electronic sources, and advice on how to choose reliable Internet sites. The Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism is essential reading for all students and professionals who need to use referencing to accurately reflect the work of others and avoid plagiarism. Book jacket.

    Subject Guide

    Profile Image
    Theodosia Adanu
    Contact Info
    Senior Assistant Librarian, Electronic Resources
    1st Floor, East Wing
    Balme Library
    University of Ghana

    IP Phone: 3136
    Send Email

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