Why Cite or Reference?
- To avoid plagiarism
- To acknowledge debts to other writers
- To verify quotations
- To enable all those who read your work to locate your sources easily
- To enable readers to follow-up and read more fully the cited author’s arguments
- To demonstrate the body of knowledge upon which your research is based
It is Plagiarism if you.....
- Copy sentences from a web page, a blog, a book, or an article and insert them into your paper without citing them.
- Copy large chunks of text from one or more original sources and insert it into work.
- Use an image or video from any source and do not cite it properly.
- Quote or paraphrase from another paper without crediting the original author.
- Cite data without crediting the original source.
- Propose another author’s idea as if it were your own.
- Fabricating references or using incorrect references.
- Submitting someone else’s presentation, program, spreadsheet, or other file with only minor alterations.
Test your knowledge: take Indaiana University's plagiarism quiz
A free reference manager and academic social network that can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest research. Download it at http://www.mendeley.com/.
Mendeley allows you to...
- Automatically generate bibliographies
- Collaborate easily with other researchers online
- Easily import papers from other research software
- Find relevant papers based on what you’re reading
- Access your papers from anywhere online
- Read papers on the go, with our new iPhone app
Basic information needed for citing
- Author(s) Author(s)
- Title Article Title
- Year of Publication Article Page Numbers
- Publisher Journal Title
- Place of Publication Journal Volume Number
- Edition (if not the first) Journal Issue Number
- Year of Publication
Some useful links
- How to write a literature review Burmingham City University's Centre for academic success study guide
- University of Leicester: Planning and conducting a dissertation research project - Provides guidance on the whole process, from begining to end. Includes choosing a topic, writing a proposal, time planning, literature review, collecting data and writing up.
- Literature review online tutorial (RMIT, Aus). A set of short videos showing you how to think, plan, structure and write the introduction, body and conclusion of a literature review. An essential starting point for postgraduates.
- What makes a good literature search?
- The Review of Literature for Research
Using EndNote Web
Endnote Web is an online bibliographic/reference management tool available to you free through any of the Research4life databases: HINARI, AGORA, OARE . You must log in to get the full benefit of this tool.
Go through the powerpoint presentation and the exercises to become familiar with this resource.
Senior Assistant Librarian, Electronic Resources
1st Floor, East Wing
University of Ghana
IP Phone: 3136