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Agriculture: Research Issues

Why Cite or Reference?

  • To avoid plagiarism
  • To acknowledge debts to other writers
  • To verify quotations
  • To enable all those who read your work to locate your sources easily
  • To enable readers to follow-up and read more fully the cited author’s arguments
  • To demonstrate the body of knowledge upon which your research is based 

It is Plagiarism if you.....

  • Copy sentences from a web page, a blog, a book, or an article and insert them into your paper without citing them.
  • Copy large chunks of text from one or more original sources and insert it into your work.
  • Use an image or video from any source and do not cite it properly.
  • Quote or paraphrase from another paper without crediting the original author.
  • Cite data without crediting the original source.
  • Propose another author’s idea as if it were your own.
  • Fabricating references or using incorrect references.
  • Submitting someone else’s presentation, program, spreadsheet, or other files with only minor alterations.

Test your knowledge: take Indiana University's plagiarism quiz



Basic information needed for citing

Please ensure that you record the needed information about a book or journal article you are using to facilitate using it in your dissertation or thesis or manuscript. Listed below are the pieces of information you need to write down about a work when you consult it.

           Book                                                    Journal   Article                                                                                                                                               
  • Author(s)                                                  Author(s)                                                                          
  • Title                                                          Article Title
  • Year of Publication                                   Article Page Numbers
  • Publisher                                                  Journal Title               
  • Place of Publication                                 Journal Volume Number
  • Edition (if not the first)                              Journal Issue Number
    •                                                      Year of Publication



Some useful links


What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism-Don't do it


Research and Documentation Online

Literature Review

Useful Titles

These titles and more on different aspects of research are available in libraries in the University of Ghana. Look them up in the UGCat for precise location and call no.

Subject Guide

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Theodosia Adanu
College of Health Sciences Library (First Floor Room 6)
Charles Easmon Building -Korle Bu
0244659837; IP Phone; 7431

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