Open science is a movement that advocates transparency, collaboration, and accessibility in research. Also, it emphasizes on the breakdown of the traditional models of sharing scientific knowledge and data with the community.
By embracing these principles, researchers can collectively work towards a more transparent and equitable future for scientific inquiry.
It is characterized by 4 elements namely; Open Access (OA), Open Data, Open Collaboration and Open Review. Open science encompasses a broader spectrum of openness extending to data sharing, software, protocols, and even the research process itself.
There are several compelling reasons that drives the need for open science. The increased access of research can accelerate innovation and enable wider collaboration.
Additionally, it facilitates transparent research practices, thereby enhancing reproducibility and public engagement.
Furthermore, areas addressing complex global challenges like climate change and pandemic require collaborative and open approaches to finding solutions; which can be accelerated by open science.
Furthermore, governments, funding agencies, and institutions are increasingly adopting policies to promote open science. These policies often require researchers to make their findings and data openly accessible.