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Family & Consumer Sciences: Research Issues

Research guide to print and online sources for teaching, learning and research.

Why Cite or Reference?

  • To avoid plagiarism
  • —To acknowledge debts to other writers
  • —To verify quotations
  • —To enable all those who read your work to locate your sources easily
  • To enable readers to follow-up and read more fully the cited author’s arguments
  • To demonstrate the body of knowledge upon which your research is based 

It is Plagiarism if you.....

  • —Copy sentences from a web page, a blog, a book, or an article and insert them into your paper without citing them.
  • —Copy large chunks of text from one or more original sources and insert it into work.
  • —Use an image or video from any source and do not cite it properly.
  • Quote or paraphrase from another paper without crediting the original author.
  • —Cite data without crediting the original source.
  • —Propose another author’s idea as if it were your own.
  • —Fabricating references or using incorrect references.
  • Submitting someone else’s presentation, program, spreadsheet, or other file with only minor alterations.

Test your knowledge: take Indaiana University's plagiarism quiz



 A free reference manager and academic social network that can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest research. Download it at

Mendeley allows you to...

  • Automatically generate bibliographies
  • Collaborate easily with other researchers online
  • Easily import papers from other research software
  • Find relevant papers based on what you’re reading
  • Access your papers from anywhere online
  • Read papers on the go, with our new iPhone app

Basic information needed for citing

—Book                                                    Journal   Article                                                                                                                                               
  • —Author(s)                                         Author(s)                                                                          
  • Title                                                  Article Title
  • Year of Publication                       Article Page Numbers
  • Publisher                                       Journal Title               
  • Place of Publication                    Journal Volume Number
  • Edition (if not the first)                 Journal Issue Number
  •                                                          Year of Publication

Some useful links


Plagiarism-Don't do it


Research and Documentation Online

Literature Review

Using EndNote Web

Endnote Web is an online bibliographic/reference management tool available to you free through any of the Research4life databases: HINARI, AGORA, OARE . You must log in to get the full benefit of this tool.

Go through the powerpoint presentation and the exercises to become familiar with this resource.

Presentations and Exercises

Subject Guide

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Theodosia Adanu
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